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The Gemsbok has dramatic facial masks with halter-like facial markings paired with white patches. Black striping also extends along the sides near the underbelly. A short mane runs from the head to the shoulders. Ears are large and broad. The remainder of the body ranges from a buffy tan color to brown. Males have a tuft of black hair on the throat. Horns are long and extend straight back from the head and can reach a length of 150cm. The female horns tend to be slender and longer than the males.They commonly found in arid areas, including dry steppe, brush and tree savannahs in the flat and hilly areas as well as semi-desert and desert.
Presently the Bontebok is found only on game farms and reservations throughout South Africa. They with the Blesbok occurred historically on grassy plains which may or may not of had trees. They reach a mass of between 50 and 80 kg's. They have the same adult color pattern, relatively dark dorsal pelage contrasting sharply with high, white stockings and buttocks. Bontebok have a dark and glossy, purplish-brown dorsal pelage, and the blesbok reddish-brown dorsal pelage. The Bontebok mate mainly in February while the Blesbok mates mainly in April.
The Spring-
buck known as South Africa's National animal. It is characterized by the dark red-brown band along its flanks which separates the fawn-brown upperparts from the white underparts. Both sexes have horns, those of rams are thicker and longer. When danger looms, springbok have the habit of repeatedly springing up to seven feet in the air (hence their name). This is known as pronking and is a technique used to distract predators, such as cheetahs or lions. They are active during the cooler daylight hours and also partly at night.